Vancomycin Powder May Curb Wound Infection After Knee and Ankle Fracture Surgery

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Intra-wound vancomycin powder reduces gram-positive infection in operatively treated high-risk tibia fractures, according to an open-label randomized clinical trial. “Patients with a fracture around the knee or ankle face a high risk of debilitating infections that require additional surgical treatment,” Dr. Robert V. O’Toole of […]

Study: Bariatric surgery significantly reduces cancer risk for certain patients

Bariatric surgery can significantly reduce the risk of cancer—and especially obesity-related cancers—by as much as half in certain individuals, according to a study by researchers at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School’s Center for Liver Diseases and Liver Masses. The research, published in the journal Gastroenterology, is the first to […]

Rib Fracture Outcomes for High-Risk Patients Vary by Trauma Capacity

(Reuters Health) – Two groups of high-risk rib fracture patients, the elderly and those with flail chest, have better outcomes at trauma centers than at non-trauma centers, a U.S. study suggests. Researchers examined data on 504,085 rib fracture cases from the 2016 National Emergency Department Sample. Overall, 229,762 (46%) of […]

New type of ultrasound scan could improve outcome from brain tumor surgery

A type of ultrasound scan can detect cancer tissue left behind after a brain tumor is removed more sensitively than surgeons, and could improve the outcome from operations, a new study suggests. The new ultrasound technique, called shear wave elastography, could be used during brain surgery to detect residual cancerous […]

No Survival Benefit to Primary Resection Before Chemo in CRC

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Contrary to previous reports, primary tumor resection prior to chemotherapy did not confer a survival benefit in colorectal cancer patients in a randomized phase 3 study in Japan. “I was surprised by the findings because we designed the study to test the superiority of primary […]

22-Gene Classifier May Help Guide Decision Making After Radical Prostatectomy

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – The Decipher genomic classifier (GC) is a promising tool to help determine which men will benefit from hormone therapy in addition to salvage radiation after radical prostatectomy, researchers say. “These findings are the first solid pieces of evidence to lead to a practice change,” Dr. […]

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis, also sometimes referred to as pyorrhea, is a health condition that involves inflammation of the periodontium, the supporting tissues, bones and ligaments around the teeth. In severe cases, the alveolar bone in the jaw area can become degraded and, without treatment, eventually lead to the loss of teeth. Periodontitis […]

Global demand for cancer surgery set to grow by almost 5 million procedures within 20 years

Demand for cancer surgery is expected to increase from 9.1 million to 13.8 million procedures over the next twenty years, requiring a huge increase in the workforce including nearly 200,000 additional surgeons and 87,000 anaesthetists globally. With access to post-operative care strongly linked to lower mortality, improving care systems worldwide […]