Improved diagnosis of atrial fibrillation in view?
It is important to determine which people develop the most common and devastating disorders of heart rhythm. Researchers studied now, such as the likelihood of developing a heart rhythm disorder can best be determined. Also, you were trying to figure out how the risk for other health could result in complaints to the Concerned assesses.
Such as heart rhythm disorders, the most effective can be predicted, tried by an international research team led by Jens Cosedis Nielsen from the Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark to find out. The results were published in the English journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) “EP Europace”.
What was the focus of the research?
In the research work, the Team focused on atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder and a major seizures cause of stroke, as well as for ventricular Tachyarrhythmias (fast heart rate), one of the main causes for sudden cardiac death.
How prevalent is atrial fibrillation?
The topic of atrial fibrillation, according to the research group is of high importance for the public health: Every fourth adult man of middle age in Europe and the US will develop atrial fibrillation. It will be made estimated that there will be up to the year 2030 in the EU, about 14 to 17 million people with atrial fibrillation, each year, 120,000-215,000 new diagnoses, reported to the Team.
Lifestyle changes can help
Accurate risk assessment allows an earlier diagnosis and Intervention for atrial fibrillation. With the help of lifestyle changes or medication can be controlled. To obtain the risk assessment the correct results, it is important, however, the instruments and methods to use, which is proven to help the current state or the expected course of predict, explained to the research group.
What influences the risk for atrial fibrillation?
The probability of atrial fibrillation to develop, increases with age, high blood pressure, obesity, Diabetes, and prior myocardial infarction. A change of behavior, such as the reduction of alcohol consumption and Weight loss, could prevent atrial fibrillation, however, or at least the onset delay.
What influences the risk of stroke?
In people with atrial fibrillation, the likelihood of a strike increases attack also with various factors such as increasing age, heart failure, high blood pressure, Diabetes, a previous stroke or heart attack.
The research work shows, however, that the risk of stroke can be reduced in people with a combination of these factors, through so-called anticoagulants (drugs to inhibit blood clotting) significantly.
Atrial fibrillation increases risk of stroke significantly
A quarter of strokes occur in people with atrial fibrillation. In strokes due to atrial fibrillation even when not fatal, usually more severe health problems than strokes with other causes. A reliable risk assessment could help to prevent many of these strokes.
Heart attack increased risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmia
When it comes to so-called ventricular tachyarrhythmia (rapid heart rate), is the most common predisposing factor is a prior heart attack. In combination with a poor pumping function of the heart (ejection fraction) have persons at increased risk for cardiac arrest or death. The sudden cardiac death could, however, be many of those Affected by the Implantation of a defibrillator prevents, explains the research group.
Smartwatches, for the diagnosis of atrial fibrillation?
In the research work are also the subject of wearable technology such as Smartwatches, will be treated. There is evidence that these devices can help in the diagnosis of atrial fibrillation, however, the accuracy varies. There is still a Problem with many false-positive results, in which the device incorrectly indicates that a Person is suffering from atrial fibrillation, reports the researchers. Wearable technology could prove very valuable, but at the Moment they have no defined place in the risk assessment, adds the research group. (as)