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President Vladimir Putin told G20 leaders today that Russia was ready to provide its Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine to other countries who need it. The nation is currently preparing its second and third vaccine, Putin said, as Saudi Arabia’s King Salman told fellow G20 leaders they must all work towards affordable and equitable access to vaccines and other tools to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. He added: “Although we are optimistic about the progress made in developing vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics tools for COVID-19, we must work to create the conditions for affordable and equitable access to these tools for all peoples.”
How many people live in the UK?
According to the 2019 figures, there are 66.65 million people living in the UK.
The UK 2020 population is estimated at 67,886,011 people at mid year according to UN data.
While the World Population Review estimates the UK’s current population in August 2020 is 67,905,431.
The country is the 21st most populated in the world.
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How many doses of the covid vaccine do we need?
Most of the coronavirus vaccines being produced require two doses to be effective.
Based on the latest population figures of 67 million people in the UK, that means we would need 134 doses to ensure everyone was protected.
The UK government has completed negotiations with biotech company Moderna to secure access to five million doses of its vaccine, enough for 2.5 million people.
The vaccine could be delivered to the UK and Europe as early as Spring 2021 with the potential for the Government to procure more doses next year.
Moderna’s vaccine is 94.5 percent effective in protecting against COVID-19, according to recent test results.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: “We have moved swiftly to secure 5 million doses of this hugely promising vaccine meaning we are even better placed to vaccinate everyone who will benefit should the rigorous safety standards be met.
“But we are not there yet. Until science can make us safe, we must remain vigilant and keep following the rules that we know can keep this virus under control.”
Elsewhere, the Pfizer/BioNtech vaccine stops more than 90 percent of people fro developing cover symptoms, the latest studies showed.
The UK has ordered 10 million doses of this vaccine, to arrive by the end of 2020 – which will be used for 5 million people.
A further 30 million haver been ordered for next year – enough for 15 million people.
But this is still not enough – even with both the Pfizer and Modern vaccine, the Uk would only be able to give 22.5 million people the jab.
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Trials of the Oxford vaccine have shown a strong immune response in older people. research has revealed.
Two weeks after a second dose, more than 99 percent of trial participants appeared to be protected.
The UK has ordered 100 million doses – but as it is given in two doses, this is enough for 50 million people.
However we’re still a long way off this vaccine being rolled out, scientists warn.
In fact, Oxford University’s covid vaccine is unlikely to be used in the UK before Christmas, according to Professor Andrew Pollard, director of the Oxford Vaccine Group.
While he said he was optimistic’ the study would produce positive results before Christmas, the procedure for getting it licensed and then rolled out means ti won’t be ready before the new year.
The UK has secured early access to over 355 million vaccines. Along with those mentioned above, the nation has ordered:
- 60 million doses of Novavax vaccine – phase 3 clinical trials
- 60 million doses of Valneva vaccine – pre-clinical trials
- 60 million doses of GSK/Sanofi Pasteur vaccine – phase 1 clinical trials
- 30 million doses of Janssen vaccine – phase 2 clinical trials
Who will get the covid vaccine first?
The list of ages and dates proposed for vaccination are:
From start of December – Care home residents and staff, as well as healthcare workers
- Mid-December – Ages 80 plus
- Late December – ages 70-80
- Early January – ages 65-70 as well as all high and moderate risk under 65s
- Mid January – Everyone aged 50-65
- Late January – Everyone aged 18-50
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